and wildlife organizations offer a way for individuals to help by contributing financially, or by participating in local conservation projects. In the 19th century, the United States and the United Kingdom began to emphasize the importance of protecting certain habitat areas. It wasn’t until the 20th century, however, that efforts began to arise that targeted individual species. By the 1970s, hundreds of specific species protection plans were in place, largely due to the work under the Endangered Species Act in the United States and biodiversity action plans developed in the United Kingdom, Australia and Sweden. The Society of Conservation Biology is a global community of conservation professionals dedicated to advancing the science and practice of conserving Earth's biological diversity. Today there are hundreds of different wildlife societies worldwide. The following is a list of some of the most well known, but you may also expand your search to a certain species or habitat in your particular area.
The Nature Conservancy
The Nature Conservancy works with local communities, businesses, and individuals to protect over 100 million acres of land around the world. In doing so, they preserve the wildlife communities and diversity on those lands. 79.5% of expenses go to conservation projects, 20.5% go to administration and fundraising.
The Ocean Conservancy
The Ocean Conservancy is focused on protecting our world's oceans and also offers individuals ways to get involved and take action. 78.6 of expenses go to conservation projects and 21.4% go to administration and fundraising.
World Wildlife Fund
The World Wildlife Fund protects biodiversity around the world. The World Wildlife Fund also works with multilateral and bilateral agencies to promote sustainable development in the world's poorest countries. 79.7% of expenses go to conservation projects, 29.3% goes to administration and fundraising.
The Sierra Club
The Sierra Club is 1.3 million strong. Members of this organization work together to protect the planet. The Sierra Club is America’s oldest, largest and one of the most influential grassroots environmental organizations. They work to save endangered and threatened wildlife, preserve wildlands and protect our fragile environment.
Natural Resources Defense Council
The Natural Resources Defense Council initiatives include their BioGems project aimed at saving endangered wild places, their Break the Chain initiative to reduce dependence on oil, and their Green Squad youth education program. 80.9% of expenses go to conservation projects and 19.1% go to administration and fundraising.
Royal Society for the Protection of Birds
The Royal Society for the Protection of Birds is an organization in the United Kingdom that works to secure a healthy environment for birds and wildlife. Every year, the RSPB conducts the Big Garden Birdwatch survey, which is a fun way for people in the UK to participate in a nationwide bird count.
Conservation International is aimed at protecting Biodiversity Hotspots around the world, as well as developing regional conservation programs. 85.5% of expenses go to conservation projects and 14.5% go to administration and fundraising.
Wildlife Conservation Society
The Wildlife Conservation Society is a great group that works for the protection of animals and wildlife. The Wildlife Conservation Society supports zoos and aquariums while promoting environmental education and conservation of wild populations and their habitats. 88.8% of their expenses go to conservation projects and 11.2% go to administration and fundraising.